Staff or Stave - a framework of five lines on which musical notation is written such that the higher the note-sign on the staff the higher its pitch.

The main elements of a musical score.


Common time - equivalent to a time signature of 4/4, namely four crotchets (quarter notes) to a bar (measure).
common time
Alla Breve - also called 'cut time'; marked with a large C with a vertical line through it, used for quick duple time in which the minim or half note is given one beat instead of two.
alla breve
Score - notation of a line of music including all the parts and voices involved, presented in a group of two or more staves which are joined together on the left hand side by a vertical bar and a brace.

Notes
Value
American Name
English Name
1/2
Double Whole Note Breve
1
Whole Note Semi-Breve
2
Half Minim
4
Quarter Crotchet
8
Eighth Quaver
16
Sixteenth Semiquaver
32
Thirty-second Demisemiquaver
64
Sixty-fourth Hemidemisemiquaver
128
One-Twenty-Eighth Semihemidemisemiquaver
Rests
Value
American Name
English Name
1/2
Double Whole Rest Breve
1
Whole Semi-Breve
2
Half Minim
4
Quarter Crotchet
8
Eighth Quaver
16
Sixteenth Semiquaver
32
Thirty-second Demisemiquaver
64
Sixty-fourth Hemidemisemiquaver
128
One-Twenty-Eighth Semihemidemisemiquaver
multirest

Multi-rest or multiple measure rest: where a number of bars contain only rests, in instrumental parts (and sometimes in scores), the bars are 'collected' together and shown as a single bar contain a rest together with the number of consecutive bars given by a large number placed centrally above the staff over the single bar.
Accidentals Name Meaning
Double Sharp Raises a note by 2 semi-tones or 1 whole tone.
Sharp Raises a note by 1 semi-tone or a 1/2 tone.
Natural Cancels a previous sharp or flat including those in a key signature.
Flat Lowers a note by 1 semi-tone or a 1/2 tone.
Double Flat Lowers a note by 2 semi-tones or 1 whole tone.
Tie - also called a 'bind', a sign that indicates that the note being played or sung is sustained, unbroken, through the total time value of the notes under the tie.
tie or bind
Slur - a mark used to show where a group of notes are played either under a single bow stroke, or on a wind instrument without retonguing or when singing, in one breath, so that the notes move smoothly one to the other with no perceptible break.
slur
octave higherPlay notes under this sign one octave higher than written.
octave lowerPlay notes under this sign one octave lower than written
 

 




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